USPOREDBA REZULTATA KIRURŠKOG I NE-KIRURŠKOG LIJEČENJA UROGENITALNIH RATNIH OZLJEDA U BOSANSKOHERCEGOVAČKOM RATU 1992–1995
BIOMEDICINA I ZDRAVSTVO
Goal was to compare the results of surgical and non-surgical treatments of combat injuries of genitourinary system and to compare our data with data collected in the recent studies. The study was designed as a retrospective review of data collected in prospective databases. The data extracted from inpatients’ medical records included demographics, mechanisms and type of injury, distribution of the lesions, clinical presentation features, applied diagnostic studies, treatment modalities, types of complication and results of treatment. Among 4.125 patients treated in the Mostar War Hospital, 111 had injury of genitourinary tract: 62 underwent a surgical and 49 non-surgical treatment. Mortality among operated patients was 16 (26%). Complications were noted in 47 patients (42%); in 33 (70%) were manifested as early complications, and 14 (30) as delayed ones (p=0.006). Among the surgically treated patients, 40 (36%) had some complication, in comparison to 8 (7.2%) patients with complications among non-surgically treated patients; which represent a statistically significant difference (p<0.05). In this study, there was a surprisingly high number of non-surgically treated patients, and this sub-group of UGT trauma patients had in some ways the superior treatment results in comparison with surgically treated patients. Conservatively treated patients had lower rate of complications, no mortality, and no patients with permanent disability.
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